How Does a Sewing Machine Work?

The world would be a difficult place to live in if sewing machines were not invented. Like other inventions, the sewing machine is also something with which makes it easy and fast to stitch clothes and it also allows manufacturers to produce high-quality stuff in no time. This article will briefly explain how does a sewing machine work and will take you through a whole mechanism.

In order to know how does a sewing machine works there are some of the parts you should be aware of before starting. You should also know how a stitch is made and how to use a sewing machine in order to be a pro at stitching. Let us have a look at them all.

How Does a Sewing Machine Work?

1.          Needle

First things first, the thing which plays a significant role in sewing is a needle. Fabric is placed on the needle it goes up and down on the fabric. This way fabric is pierced and cloth is stitched. But you have to put a thread in the needle. The needle is changeable you can easily change it if it broke.

2.          Presser’s Foot

Presser’s foot is basically an attachment used with the sewing machine. Presser’s foot is used to hold the fabric in place. There is also a liver close to it which is used to lift it up or down. It is a flat metal which is present near the needle.

3.          Bobbin

The bobbin is the most important part of the sewing machine. It is a cylinder on which thread is wound. It stays inside a case under the needle and inside the machine’s body. It creates a loop for the thread which is brought by a needle to penetrate through in the modern sewing machines. A hook in the bobbin case also plays a significant role which shows how does a sewing machine work.

4.          Take Up Lever

Take-up lever is located above the presser foot of the sewing machine. It has a hole through which thread is passed. It is a piece of machine which pulls the thread from bobbin through the machine and lifts the thread. This keeps the tension balance and helps the bobbin hook to make a loop with it while stitching.

5.          Stitch Selector

Now, this is the part of the sewing machine which is present in the modern sewing machines which helps you to choose what kind of stitch you want. It is located on the top of the sewing machine which holds the spool of thread. It also allows you to choose how long your stitches will be.

6.          Thread Feed

Thread feed is the part which every sewing machine has. It is a thin metal rod which holds the thread and allows the thread to go through different loops and also cleat before going to the needle. This way it also saves your thread to not to be tangled and also allows the tension to still present.

7.          Hand Wheel

Handwheel allows the needle to move up and down.

8.          Feed Dog

This is the metal bar which is present below the presser foot which allows the fabric to move after every stitch.

How A Stitch is Made?

Now as we have discussed the parts of a sewing machine let’s have a look at how a stitch is made. Some important parts of the sewing machine like a bobbin, feed the dog, and take-up lever are discussed previously. The bobbin plays a vital role in making a stitch. It has a hook attached to its case. This hook on the bobbin case takes the thread and loops around another when the needle pierces the fabric with the thread going through it. The thread coming out of the bobbin makes a loop and take up lever maintains tension and brings the thread down for bobbin hook to loop it and each loop with two threads made is a stitch.

How to use A Sewing Machine?

Fitting the machine in and place your texture under the needle. Lower your presser foot onto the texture, hold the two closures of the string and easily push the foot pedal to begin sustaining the texture through the sewing machine.


This article is all about how does a sewing machine work and will take you through a deep overview of different parts of the sewing machine and how they work. Every part has a significant role in its own and works mutually so that a sewing machine can give a perfect output.

Furthermore, in this article is explained how a stitch is made and the role of the bobbin, feed the dog and take up lever in making a stitch. They all work together for a stitch to be created. In the end, this article tells you how you can use a sewing machine on your own.


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